Gross External Debt of Georgia
Gross external debt statistics are harmonized with BOP statistics. They include both public sector (general government, public corporations and national bank) and private sector (banking and other sectors) external debt. External debt statistics are compiled according to the methodology provided by the IMF's "External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users" (2003).
The gross external debt of Georgia amounted to 17.4 billion USD (42.7 billion GEL) as of 30th of June 2018. It accounted for 108.7 percent of the last four quarters' GDP. During the second quarter of 2018 the gross external debt of Georgia decreased by 346.9 million USD. Out of that 242.4 million USD decrease was due to exchange rate changes, transactions led to 66.1 million USD decrease and price changes to 49.5 million USD decrease. At the same time other changes led to 11.1 million USD increase of the external debt.
Public sector external debt amounted to 7.2 billion USD (17.7 billion GEL) or 45.0 percent of GDP. Out of which, debt of the general government amounted to 5.2 billion USD (12.7 billion GEL) or 32.3 percent of GDP. External liabilities of the National Bank of Georgia amounted to 330.6 million USD (810.5 million GEL) or 2.1 percent of GDP. And, the bonds and loans of public enterprises were correspondingly 801.5 million USD (2.0 billion GEL) or 5.0 percent of GDP and 903.8 million USD (2.2 billion GEL) and 5.6 percent of GDP.
Banking sector external debt amounted to 3.8 billion USD (9.3 billion GEL) or 23.6 percent of GDP; Other sectors' external debt stood at 5.6 billion USD (13.8 billion GEL) or 35.1 percent of GDP; While 2.5 billion USD (6.2 billion GEL) or 15.7 percent of GDP was the intercompany lending. The 90.6 percent of the gross external debt of Georgia was denominated in foreign currency.
The net external debt of Georgia amounted to 10.5 billion USD (25.7 billion GEL) or 65.3 percent of GDP as of 30 June 2018. Net public sector external debt was 4.2 billion USD (10.2 billion GEL) or 26.0 percent of GDP.
External liabilities of the National Bank of Georgia increased by 31.8 million USD, out of that, transactions led to increase of the debt by 41.6 million USD. Exchange rate changes contracted external debt by 9.8 million USD. By the end of the second quarter of 2018, the external debt of the National Bank of Georgia amounted to 330.6 million USD, of which 202.8 million USD are Special Drawing Rights (SDR)1 which have no maturity date, therefore there is no obligation to repay them as long as Georgia is a member of the IMF.
The presented statistical information is published on the website of the National Bank of Georgia under the heading "Statistics":https://www.nbg.gov.ge/index.php?m=306&lng=eng#external